Municipal laws are laws specific to a state or region that are legally known as a municipality along with governmental agencies that serve those districts. Often attorneys work on behalf of the municipalities helping to establish suitable ordinances, set bylaws, and provide guidance on zoning and land use laws.
The municipalities set land use laws.
Issues related to zoning and land use commonly need attorneys practicing municipal law. Often a town or region will have particular aspirations regarding parts of the city and often seek to enforce them through zoning law. These laws can be argued by an attorney to seek an exception.
Ordinances are not always enforceable.
Similarly, town ordinances, on occasion, might be improperly implemented or even be decided as unenforceable. Often fines, sometimes substantial fines, can be levied against the accused. As always an experienced attorney is best to be brought in as soon as possible to litigate on behalf of the defendant.
The police are subject to the municipal law.
The police for a local municipality must abide by federal civil rights laws and are subject to disciplinary measure should they not. Often it is the municipalities themselves that are liable to pay out damages in such instances.